Role of Aspirin in cardiac illness:
It is attributed to increasing number of cases of cardiac issues among general population that most physicians are now adopting strategies to control risk factors that lead to cardiac illness. One of the strongest risk factor of developing heart disease is increase in concentration (thickening) of blood.
Thick blood offers more resistance to flow and lead to clot formation, which may dislodge in the arteries of heart, brain, kidney, eyes and virtually in any organ leading to loss of functioning of that organ due to no blood supply. It is for this reason, physician advice aspirin in patients at risk.
Functioning of Aspirin:
Aspirin is also known as blood thinner and it acts by preventing the clot formation by deactivating some enzymes. In simple words, aspirin inactivates platelets (the cells of blood that are responsible for preventing blood loss by formation of scab or clot). It is this property of aspirin that makes aspirin an ideal drug to be used in high risk group of patients or individuals.
Who can get benefitted from Aspirin?
Ideally anyone can take aspirin as it is a widely used medication for relieving tissue or joint pains; however the high risk groups to whom aspirin is indicated are:
- Individual with diagnosed cardiac disease
- Individuals with high blood cholesterol levels,
- Individuals with Rheumatoid arthritis or other types of arthritis
- Individuals with high blood pressure.
- Individuals with polycythemia, a medical condition in which there is increased production of Red blood cells (can be assessed by Hemoglobin concentration of more than 16g/dL in an adult male or female)
Apart from the above mentioned indications, other indications may be old age, obesity, family history of cardiac illness and inactive life style.
How can Aspirin prevent cardiac illness:
- In all the patients who have a risk of cardiac illness, daily one tablet of Aspirin is indicated, with the dosage of 75mg and it prevents development of angina or heart illness by maintaining thinness of blood.
- If aspirin is taken at the time of active chest pain or angina, by sub-lingual (placing the tablet under tongue) route, it can minimize the risk of heart attack by 80% and limit the damage caused by arterial blockage by 200%
- If aspirin is taken at the time of early stroke symptoms i.e. within an hour of paralysis, the area of damage to brain can be minimized by breaking of clot in the brain blood vessels.
- Continuing aspirin therapy after a heart attack minimizes the risk of second heart attack.
Some must points to consider before starting aspirin therapy:
If you think you are at risk of developing heart disease or have any of the above risk factors, always consult your physician before starting Aspirin. There are a number of factors that must be kept in mind, like:
- Any recent history of surgery or injury means you must not take aspirin at any cost for the risk of bleeding.
- Get your blood investigations at regular intervals to see if you are developing any complication of Aspirin overdosage.