Therapy involves few modalites/equipment used for pain and symptomatic relief in a particular condition.

Types of Modalities

Interferential Therapy (IFT)

Ultrasound Therapy (UST)


Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

Muscle Stimulator


Modality (Conditions)Duration
IFT (Arthritis, tendinitis, tendonitis, ligament injuries, back pain, neck pain, sciatica,…)10-15 mins
UST (tendinitis, bursitis, arthritis, ligament injuries, plantar fasciitis, dequervain’s tenosynovitis,…)8-10 mins
LASER (Tendinitis, calcaneal spur, plantar fasciitis, dequervain’s tenosynovitis, tennis elbow2 mins
TENS (Sciatica, back/neck pain radiating to legs/hands)10-15 mins
Muscle Stimulator (Bell’s Palsy, other nerve palsy, muscle wasting/weakness)20-30 mins


  • Cardiac diseases/pacemaker
  • Fever
  • Region of metal implant in the body
  • Tumour
  • Disturbed skin sensation
  • Open wounds

  • Infection

  • Vascular conditions

  • Irradiation


Above mentioned modalities are mostly used as an adjunct to other physiotherapy treatment methods like exercise therapy and manual therapy to hasten the recovery process.