Procalcitonin, Lactate, C- Reactive Protein, Blood culture, CBC
5 mL ( 3 mL min.) serum from 1 SST AND 3 mL (1 mL min.) whole blood from 1 Lavender Top (EDTA) tube AND 2 mL (1mL min.) plasma from 1 Grey Top (Sodium Fluoride) tube. Separate plasma immediately AND Collect 8-10 mL blood aseptically in special Plus Aerobic bottle available from ADL. For children less than 12 yrs collect 2 mL blood in Special Paeds Plus bottle available from ADL. Mix by gentle swirling. Ship refrigerated only. Do not use tourniquet while drawing samples.
ECLIA, Spectrophotometry, Immunoturbidimetry, Rapid Automated Aerobic culture, Electrical Impedence, VCS
Sample Daily by 1 pm
Report Interim: 48 & 72 hrs Final: 8 days
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) may have an infectious or non- infectious etiology. If infection is suspected or proven, patients with SIRS are said to have sepsis. Microbial invasion of the blood stream is not essential since local inflammation can also elicit distant organ dysfunction and hypotension. 70% of the cases of sepsis are due to gram positive or gram negative bacteria while remaining are due to fungi and a mixture of other micro-organisms. Approximately two- thirds of the cases occur in patients with significant underlying illness.