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Why is pap smear test done and how does it help?

synadmin

October 4, 2016

Why is Pap smear test done and how does it help?

Cervical cancer is one of the top three cancers among women of reproductive age that greatly affects the quality of life of women. However, luckily the progression of cervical cancer from pre-cancerous to cancerous lesion is slow and thus if proper interventions are taken, the progression to cancer can be stopped.

Pap smear is the ideal screening test with excellent efficacy and sensitivity in detecting early pre-cancerous lesions of cervix and thus stopping the progression of dysplastic changes from transformation to full blown cancer that requires could happen over the years. The qualities that make it an ideal screening tool is the convenience of procedure, cost effective nature and tracking down results at regular intervals.

What causes cervical cancer? Working of Pap smear:

Cervical cancer occurs due to continuous irritation of cervical cells leading to adaptive changes in the cells. When these abnormal cells grow out of control, they cause cervical cancer. to adaptive changes to deal with stress in a better fashion. For this purpose, dysplastic The changes occur first in basal cells or lumen cells. This knowledge forms the basis of Pap smear, which involves scraping the lining cells of cervix and inoculating the scrap on a slide to view it under a compound microscope to identify changes in cellular architecture. Cervical cancer can be successfully treated when it is diagnosed early. One of the most potent tools for early diagnosis is the Pap smear test.

How does Pap smear helps?

  • Pap smear helps in early detection of abnormal cell changes in the cervix (called dysplastic changes) so that the risk factors can be removed or treated, like HPV infection.
  • With the help of annual pap smears, progression of dysplastic changes can be tracked and any serious change can be treated before complications may arise.

Who should go through Pap smear test?

Pap smear is especially helpful for women at risk of developing cervical cancer. These include:

  • Women who lost their virginity at a young age and multiparous women (with more than 5 live-births).
  • Women whose mothers had taken during pregnancy a synthetic form of estrogen homone called with Diethylstilbestrol exposure as a fetus.
  • Women with HPV infection or other vaginal infections
  • Women who are having bloody vaginal discharge, continuous foul smelling discharge or inter-menstrual bleeding.

What are recommendations for Pap smear?

Empirical evidence shows that bBy using Pap smear as an important screening tool for cervical cancer, the incidence and prevalence of cervical cancer can be greatly reduced. has greatly declined in United States. In order to take full advantage of Pap smear as an effective tool, following recommendations are suggested:

  • Make sure you do not use any tampon, vaginal douche or suppository at least for three days before the day of Pap smear.
  • Annual Pap smear is recommended to all women who are sexually active starting from the year of first intercourse.
  • Alternate year Pap smears is recommended for sexually inactive women starting from age 21 years onwards.
  • Pap smears are recommended, once every 6 months in case any dysplastic abnormal cell development is seen on the change has been seen on the Pap smear. These abnormal cell development is called If dysplastic changes. If these changes are progressing, then a diagnostic procedure called Colposcopy may be advised by the doctor. This procedure allows the doctor to see a magnified and illuminated view of the cervix to assess can be utilized to assess degree of dysplastic changes.
  • If you have 3 or more normal pap smears, you can space your pap smear to once every 2 years, after consulting from your care-provider until menopause.
  • If you are above 65 years and never had an abnormal pap smear, you can stop Pap smear exam after consulting your physician.

How does Pap smears helps?

  • Pap smear helps in early detection of dysplastic changes so that the risk factors can be removed or treated, like HPV infection.
  • With the help of annual pap smears, progression of dysplastic changes can be tracked and any serious change can be treated before complications may arise.

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