Why is pap smear test done and how does it help?
Why is Pap smear test done and how does it help?
Cervical cancer is one of the top three cancers among women of reproductive age that greatly affects the quality of life of women. However, luckily the progression of cervical cancer from pre-cancerous to cancerous lesion is slow and thus if proper interventions are taken, the progression to cancer can be stopped.
Pap smear is the ideal screening test with excellent efficacy and sensitivity in detecting early pre-cancerous lesions of cervix and thus stopping the progression of dysplastic changes from transformation to full blown cancer that requires could happen over the years. The qualities that make it an ideal screening tool is the convenience of procedure, cost effective nature and tracking down results at regular intervals.
What causes cervical cancer? Working of Pap smear:
Cervical cancer occurs due to continuous irritation of cervical cells leading to adaptive changes in the cells. When these abnormal cells grow out of control, they cause cervical cancer. to adaptive changes to deal with stress in a better fashion. For this purpose, dysplastic The changes occur first in basal cells or lumen cells. This knowledge forms the basis of Pap smear, which involves scraping the lining cells of cervix and inoculating the scrap on a slide to view it under a compound microscope to identify changes in cellular architecture. Cervical cancer can be successfully treated when it is diagnosed early. One of the most potent tools for early diagnosis is the Pap smear test.
How does Pap smear helps?
Who should go through Pap smear test?
Pap smear is especially helpful for women at risk of developing cervical cancer. These include:
What are recommendations for Pap smear?
Empirical evidence shows that bBy using Pap smear as an important screening tool for cervical cancer, the incidence and prevalence of cervical cancer can be greatly reduced. has greatly declined in United States. In order to take full advantage of Pap smear as an effective tool, following recommendations are suggested:
How does Pap smears helps?
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