How to Manage Acute Pancreatitis
There are a number of health issues that affects the overall quality of health and human functioning. It has been observed that most of the health issues occur due to unhealthy and dangerous lifestyles. Alcohol consumption is one of the strongest reasons why people develop pancreatitis.
Pancreatitis refers to inflammation or injury to the cells of pancreas, which may be due to sudden or continued exposure to harmful stimulus.
Sign and symptoms of Pancreatitis:
Some major sign and symptoms of pancreatitis are:
Severe abdominal pain that is mostly concentrated within mid abdomen. With abdominal pain, associated features arecold clammy skin, low blood pressure and abnormalities in the blood sugar levels. Pancreas is an important digestive gland that has a dual function in the body because of abnormalities in the pancreatic tissue, indigestion, clay colored stool and nausea vomiting are major complaints that may require hospitalization for the stabilization of patient.
It does not only release digestive enzymes for final breakdown and metabolism of ingested food but also helps in maintaining normal blood sugar levels by releasing hormones like insulin and glucagon. If any disease process affects the integrity of pancreas as a gland, abnormalities in maintenance of blood sugar levels will also be seen.
Risk factors of Pancreatitis:
Alcohol consumption is the most common cause of pancreatitis and the mechanism of injury is the toxic products of alcohol metabolism which destroy pancreas. In western countries (or all those countries where alcohol consumption rate is high) 70% cases of pancreatitis can be attributed to alcoholism.
Other important risk factors are:
Gall stones that may dislodge from gall bladder and obstruct the ducts and tubes of pancreas leading to infections. Still other causes include damage to natural environment of pancreas like excessive calcium due to issues of endocrine glands and raised urea levels due to kidney disorders and other similar issues.
Mechanism of Pancreatitis:
The complications and increase mortality due to mechanism of pancreatic damage. Pancreas contain digestive enzyme, so any disease or disorder that damages the cells of pancreas lead to extravasations or leakage of pancreatic enzymes in the surrounding. This causes extreme tissue reaction and digestive enzymes start eating away the tissues and pancreas itself.
Management of Pancreatitis:
Short term management requires holding the food intake from mouth, this is required because pancreas is one of the most efficient digestive gland and in response to food, more enzymes will be released from pancreas that will further adds to the damage of pancreas and surrounding tissues.
Intravenous hydration must be maintained and extent of damage is to be looked for by special investigative tools like ultrasound, CT scan abdomen and other methods. Moreover, pain control medications must also be instituted.
For long term management of Pancreatitis, it is important not to use alcohol at all even after full recovery is achieved. Besides alcohol, other lifestyle modifications may also be required. Last but not the least, if other causes are responsible for causing pancreatitis like gall stones, proper treatment must be seek in order to prevent any further episode of pancreatitis.
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