Kidney stones – why do they occur and how to prevent them?
Kidney stones are actually crystals of different salts that get impacted in ureter or kidneys or anywhere in the urinary system leading to a variety of complaints and complications. Before going into the details of kidney stones (which are also called nephrolithiasis) it is important to know how kidney stones are formed.
Different types of kidney stones:
Kidney stones are formed when the levels of certain salt exceed the excretion capacity of kidney. Following are the most common types of kidney stones that exist in nature:
Typical symptoms of kidney stones:
Extra salts like calcium, Bilirubin, uric acid or others that cannot be reabsorbed by initial kidney segments is excreted to lower segments where they combine with other negatively charged ions like oxalate, carbonate to form salt/crystal and get deposited in kidney. With urine these salts may dislodge and get into the narrow tubes of ureters and urinary bladder, where they may cause:
Treatment for kidney stones:
If you experience any of the symptoms above, you should see a physician first to determine if your symptoms are indeed related to kidney stones. Your doctor is best positioned to diagnose what the problem is, so don’t come to any self conclusions. Don’t be scared if you are told you have kidney stones. There are a number of effective treatment options that are available to help remove kidney stones safely. Depending on the condition, your doctor may suggest medication, laser therapy, or other non invasive procedures like lithotripsy or if nothing works, then surgery.
How to prevent kidney stones from forming:
However to avoid the formation of kidney stones in the first place, following tips are very helpful:
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